Lomography is a style of photography that uses film and toy cameras. Lomography has been around for decades but has never been more popular than it is now. The 120 Cameras create square images. This is what the App Instagram was based off of. Some Lomography Cameras include the classic Holga, Diana, Sprocket Rocket, Fisheye, Sardina and more. The Cameras have Fixed focal lengths and cannot zoom or adjust focus.
You will only have 2 options when it comes to controlling your shutter speed on Lomography cameras; Normal and Bulb. Normal is for regular exposures. The shutter speed is approximately 1/125. Bulb is for long exposures. When set to B, you will be able to make the exposure as long as you want- all you have to do is keep the shutter pressed down. When shooting long exposures try to keep the camera as still as possible. These images are most effective at night or in dim light.
Because most people are not used to advancing the film themselves, you are almost guaranteed an accidental double exposure. As long as both images are not too bright it should still turn out. For best results pre-plan your double exposure. The dark parts of your first frame are the best places for your subjects of the second frame.
For a panorama, take one image and partially advance the film as you pan your camera, then take another image. this is not an exact science. Use a tripod for best results. Pan in the directions that the film is advancing, and only shoot horizontally or your panorama will not line up.
Color shifts generally occur in longer exposures but can also happen when using certain fils in specific lighting. You can mimic color shifts with filters or gelled flashes.
Because the film is light sensitive, any amount of light will be recorded on the film. Be careful when loading and unloading the film, especially 120 film. Light Leaks Use dark tape to cover any loose fitting camera backs to avoid light leaks. Film can also be damaged by extreme heat. Keep it in a cool place when not in use.
Developing and Scanning Film:
Develop Only- DO NOT CUT. This is what I always include on my developing envelopes after having a lab cut all of my Sprocket Rocket Panos in half. Scanning the film yourself, or at least cutting it personally will give you full control over the final crop of you image.
You have limited exposures so slow down and take time to compose your image well and make sure you have advanced the film and your settings are correct.
Don't Expect Perfection. Try not to get too attached by the idea of the image you just took, it may not turn out the way you envisioned. Lomography for this reason, is not suggested for important events.