Adjustments: Making adjustments to an image would mean altering the exposure, contrast, color, etc.
Masks can be applied to any type of layer to help show only part of the layer. Whether it is an adjustment that automatically comes with a mask or you are applying a mask to a filter. White reveals the adjustment or layer and black hides the adjustment or layer. Use black and white paint with your brush tool to adjust the mask.
Filters can only be applied to a layer with photo information. This means that in your layer palate, the layer should look like a tiny version of your photo. Filters cannot be applied to adjustment or blank layers. When choosing filters, use the filter gallery or make sure the filter has a “…” after it. Under the filter tab, you will see the filter most recently used at the very top. This will apply the exact same filter and amount. If you need to adjust it, us the Filter… version of it.
Brushes: You can change the size, shape, opacity, and edges of all, or most, of your tools. E.g. the brush tool, cloning tool, etc. You can also download or create new brushes.
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Healing Tool: The healing brush will blend the sourced pixels with the pixels you paint over. Make sure you use the correct size of brush for the job, source often, and use short strokes.
The Cloning Tool will take the exact pixels and copy them on top of the pixels you paint over. Adjust the brush size, edges, and opacity to blend or soften skin, wrinkles, etc.
Liquify is a filter. It will allow you to warp, shrink or enlarge certain parts of your photo. Don’t get carried away! Use it to fix wardrobe malfunctions, smooth body bulges or take off a few pounds. This is a favorite tool for many but can be a dead giveaway of a manipulated image if overused.
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Text: You can add text to your images to make cards, invitations, etc. You can change the font, size, and color of your text within the tool. You can also spread or gather the spacing between letters or text lines. After you have finished with the text, you can warp or rasterize the layer to edit it even further.
Compositing: By using different selections or images, you can create collages, cards, and more. Make selections of parts of your image, copy them, and use the transform tool to rotate, change size or warp the selections. By dragging other images onto your canvas, you can collage multiple layers.